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ORIGINAL PAPER
 
CC BY-NC 3.0 Polska
 
 

Assessing musculoskeletal disorders among municipal waste loaders of Mumbai, India

Pradeep Salve 1,  
Praveen Chokhandre 2  ,  
 
1
International Institute for Population Sciences, Mumbai, India (Department of Public Health and Mortality Studies)
2
International Institute for Population Sciences, Mumbai, India (Department of Mathematical Demography and Statistics)
KEYWORDS:
TOPICS:
ABSTRACT:
Objectives: The study aims to assess the impact of municipal waste loading occupation upon developing musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) and thereby disabilities among waste loaders. Additionally, the study has identified the potential risk factors raising MSDs and disabilities. Material and methods: A cross-sectional case-control design survey was conducted in 6 out of 24 municipal wards of Mumbai during March–September 2015. The study population consisted of municipal waste loaders (N = 180) and a control group (N = 180). The Standardized Modified Nordic questionnaire was adopted to measures the MSDs and thereby disabilities in the past 12 months. A Propensity Score Matching (PSM) method was applied to assess the impact of waste loading occupation on developing MSDs and disabilities. Results: Waste loaders had a significantly higher risk of developing MSDs as well as disabilities than the control group particularly for low back, hip/ thigh upper back and shoulder. Propensity Score Matching results revealed that the MSDs were significantly higher among waste loaders for hip/thigh (22%), low back (19%), shoulder (18%), and upper back (15%) than matched control group. Likewise, MSDs-related disabilities were found to be significantly higher among waste loaders for low back (20%), hip/ thigh (18%) upper back (13%) and shoulder (8%) than the control group. Duration of work, substance use and mental health were found to be the potential psychosocial factors for developing the risk of MSDs and disabilities. Conclusions: The municipal waste loading occupation raised the risk of MSDs and related disabilities among waste loaders compared to the control group. The preventive and curative measures are strongly recommended to minimize the burden of MSDs and disabilities. Int J Occup Med Environ Health 2017;30(6)
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR:
Praveen Chokhandre   
International Institute for Population Sciences, Department of Mathematical Demography and Statistics, Govandi Station Road, Deonar, Mumbai 400 088, India
eISSN:1896-494X
ISSN:1232-1087