Comparison of the level of aggression towards healthcare workers within Podlaskie Voivodeship
Department of Health Sciences, Medical University of Białystok, Białystok, Poland
Department of Integrated Medical Care, Medical University of Białystok, M. Skłodowskiej-Curie 7A, 15-096, Białystok, Poland
Int J Occup Med Environ Health 2011;24(3):267–274
Objectives: The aim of this study was to estimate the level of exposure and average intensity of aggression towards particular professional groups of healthcare workers. Materials and Methods: Study participants (n = 1498) were employed at open and closed healthcare units within Podlaskie Voivodeship: 493 nurses, 504 midwives and 501 physicians. The MDM Questionnaire was applied. Results: Aggression originating from patients was experienced by 92% of nurses, 86% of doctors, and 74% of midwives examined. Aggressive behavior of co-working physicians concerned 55% of midwives, 54% of nurses and 40% of physicians. The highest average levels of patient aggression, ranging between 2.20 and 3.31, were reported by nurses. Conclusions: Nurses are the group most exposed to most aggression forms and sources. Physicians are least exposed to aggression, except for aggression manifested by patients.