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ORIGINAL PAPER
 
CC BY-NC 3.0 Polska
 
 

Screening commercial drivers for obstructive sleep apnea: Validation of STOP-Bang questionnaire

Martin B. Popević 1, 2  ,  
Dejan Nešić 1, 5,  
 
1
University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia (Faculty of Medicine)
2
Serbian Institute of Occupational Health “Dr Dragomir Karajović,” Belgrade, Serbia
3
Clinical Centre of Serbia, Belgrade, Serbia (Clinic for Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation)
4
Clinical Centre of Serbia, Belgrade, Serbia (Clinic for Pulmonology)
5
Institute of Medical Physiology, Belgrade, Serbia
6
Clinical Centre of Serbia, Belgrade, Serbia (Clinic for Otorhinolaryngology and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Int J Occup Med Environ Health 2017;30(5):751–761
KEYWORDS:
TOPICS:
ABSTRACT:
Objectives: The main aim has been to examine psychometric properties of STOP-Bang (snoring, tiredness, observed apnea, high blood pressure, body mass index (BMI), age, neck circumference, male gender) scoring model (Serbian translation), an obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) screening tool, in a sample of commercial drivers. Material and Methods: After formal translation, validation was performed on a sample of bus and truck drivers evaluating test-retest reliability, construct and criterion validity. Overnight polysomnography or cardiorespiratory polygraphy were used for OSA diagnosis purposes. Results: One hundred male participants, 24–62 years old, were included. STOP-Bang classified 69% as potential OSA patients. Polysomnography identified OSA in 57% of the sample. Test-retest reliability (Cohen’s κ = 0.89) was adequate. STOP-Bang score was significantly correlated to apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) and OSA severity. Sensitivity was 100% for AHI ≥ 15, highest specificity was 53.5% (AHI ≥ 5). Conclusions: STOP-Bang showed good measurement properties, supporting its further use in OSA screening of commercial drivers. Int J Occup Med Environ Health 2016;30(5):751–761
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR:
Martin B. Popević   
Serbian Institute of Occupational Health “Dr Dragomir Karajović,” Deligradska 29, 11000 Belgrade, Serbia
eISSN:1896-494X
ISSN:1232-1087