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ORIGINAL PAPER
 
CC BY-NC 3.0 Polska
 
 

Impact of electromagnetic radiation emitted by monitors on changes in the cellular membrane structure and protective antioxidant effect of vitamin A – In vitro study

Małgorzata Lewicka 1  ,  
 
1
Medical University of Lodz, Łódź, Poland (Epidemiology and Public Health Department)
2
Medical University of Lodz, Łódź, Poland (Department of Military Toxicology and Radiological Protection)
3
Lodz University of Technology, Łódź, Poland (Institute of Electrical Engineering Systems)
Int J Occup Med Environ Health 2017;30(5):695–703
KEYWORDS:
TOPICS:
ABSTRACT:
Objectives: The increasing number of devices emitting electromagnetic radiation (EMR) in people’s everyday life attracted the attention of researchers because of possible adverse effects of this factor on living organisms. One of the EMR effect may be peroxidation of lipid membranes formed as a result of free radical process. The article presents the results of in vitro studies aimed at identifying changes in malondialdehyde (MDA) concentration – a marker of lipid peroxidation and antioxidant role of vitamin A during the exposure of blood platelets to electromagnetic radiation generated by liquid-crystal-display (LCD) monitors. Material and Methods: Electromagnetic radiation emitted by LCD monitors is characterized by parameters: 1 kHz frequency and 220 V/m intensity (15 cm from display screen). The time of exposure was 30 and 60 min. The study was conducted on porcine blood platelets. The samples were divided into 6 groups: unexposed to radiation, unexposed + vitamin A, exposed for 30 min, exposed for 30 min + vitamin A, exposed for 60 min, exposed for 60 min + vitamin A. Results: The MDA concentration in blood platelets increases significantly as compared to control values after 60 min of exposure to EMR. A significant decrease in MDA concentration after the addition of vitamin A was noticed. In the blood samples exposed to EMR for 30 and 60 min the MDA concentration was significantly increased by addition of vitamin A. Conclusions: The results show the possibly negative effect of electromagnetic radiation on the cellular membrane structure manifested by changes in malondialdehyde concentration and indicate a possible protective role of vitamin A in this process. Int J Occup Med Environ Health 2017;30(5):695–703
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR:
Małgorzata Lewicka   
Medical University of Lodz, Epidemiology and Public Health Department, Żeligowskiego 7/9, 90-752 Łódź, Poland
eISSN:1896-494X
ISSN:1232-1087