ORIGINAL PAPER
The mediating role of self-efficacy in the relationship between workplace bullying, mental health and an intention to leave among nurses in Taiwan
Yu-Hui Hsieh 1, 2
,  
Hsiu-Hung Wang 2  
,  
 
 
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1
Chia-Yi Christian Hospital, Ditmanson Medical Foundation, Chia-Yi, Taiwan (Center of Quality Management)
2
Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan (College of Nursing)
3
Chi-Mei Medical Center, Tainan, Taiwan (Department of Nursing)
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Hsiu-Hung Wang   

Kaohsiung Medical University, College of Nursing, 100 Shih-Chuan 1st Road, Kaohsiung City 80708, Taiwan
 
Int J Occup Med Environ Health 2019;32(2):245–254
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ABSTRACT
Objectives: The aim of the study was to examine the relationship between workplace bullying, mental health and an intention to leave among nurses, and the mediating role of self-efficacy. Material and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted among 385 nurses in Taiwan. Data were collected by means of self-report questionnaires, including the Negative Acts Questionnaire-Revised, the General Self-Efficacy Scale, the Chinese Health Questionnaire, and the Employee’s Turnover Intentions and Job Destination Choices Scale. Descriptive statistics, Pearson’s correlation and hierarchical regression analyses were used. Results: Bullying was found to negatively correlate with self-efficacy and mental health, and positively with an intention to leave. Self-efficacy positively correlated with mental health, and negatively with an intention to leave. Hierarchical regression showed that bullying and self-efficacy were significant predictors of both mental health and an intention to leave. Self-efficacy partially mediated the relationship between bullying and mental health, as well as an intention to leave. Conclusions: Self-efficacy acted as a mediator of workplace bullying, mental health and an intention to leave among nurses. It could protect victims from the devastating effects of bullying behaviors. Int J Occup Med Environ Health. 2019;32(2):245–54
eISSN:1896-494X
ISSN:1232-1087