The assessment of the impact of a training process on the habituation of the vestibular-vegetative system, using a special rotational test as a condition of maintaining flight safety
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Polish Air Force University, Dęblin, Poland (Department of Aviation Safety Transport)
Polish Air Force University, Dęblin, Poland (Department of Aviation)
3rd Airlift Wing, Powidz, Poland
Zbigniew Wochyński   

Polish Air Force University, Department of Aviation Safety Transport, Dywizjonu 303 12, 08-521 Dęblin, Poland
Online publication date: 2020-05-29
Int J Occup Med Environ Health 2020;33(4):497–506
Objectives: The authors formulated a hypothesis that, on completion of the training program by cadets, their vestibular habituation would increase, measured by the time of the duration of the test on the unlocked looping, in contrast to the initial values and the control group. Material and Methods: The research involved 35 male cadets, first-year students of the Polish Air Force Academy in Dęblin. The examined persons were on average 20 years of age. They were divided into 2 groups. Group A (N = 25, tested) continued training on Special Aviation Gymnastic Instruments (SAGI). The cadets were a homogeneous group of participants in the jet pilot course, selected by the Military Aeromedical Board. Group B (N = 10, control) conducted the standard physical military education program. Groups A and B were tested on the unlocked looping before and after the training process. In the training process, the groups had heart rate (HR) monitored. Results: The cadets in group A on the test in the unlocked looping, at the beginning of the training period, had an average score of 468.5±96.6 s, and on completion of the training period 575.6±47.9 s, which is a statistically significant difference at p < 0.000001. Similarly, the examined individuals in group B received an average score of 396.2±31.8 s, and at the end of the training period 473.4±72.0 s, which is a statistically significant difference at p < 0.01. In group A, a statistically significant decrease in the average HR value was observed. In group B, there was a statistically significant increase in the average HR value. Conclusions: The exercises on SAGI have a beneficial impact on improving the habituation of the vestibular organ in training cadets in examination II, as opposed to examination I and the control group. Int J Occup Med Environ Health. 2020;33(4):497–506