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ORIGINAL PAPER
 
CC BY-NC 3.0 Polska
 
 

Trends in smoking among secondary school and high school students in Poland, 2009 and 2011

Paulina Wojtyła-Buciora 1, 2  ,  
 
1
Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poznań, Poland (Department of Physiology)
2
State Higher Vocational School in Kalisz, Kalisz, Poland (Faculty of Medicine)
3
Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poznań, Poland (Chair of Social Medicine, Department of Epidemiology)
4
Pope John Paul II State School of Higher Education in Biała Podlaska, Biała Podlaska, Poland (Department of Public Health)
5
Centre of Postgraduate Medical Education, Warszawa, Poland (I Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology)
6
Institute of Psychiatry and Neurology in Warsaw, Warszawa, Poland (III Psychiatric Clinic)
7
Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poznań, Poland (Chair and Department of Facility Management Organizations in Health Care)
8
Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poznań, Poland (Chair of Social Medicine, Department of Hygiene)
9
Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poznań, Poland (Department of Mother and Child Health)
KEYWORDS:
TOPICS:
ABSTRACT:
Objectives: To determine the age and the most common circumstances for smoking initiation along with smoking rates and to evaluate smoking trends for secondary and high school students in Poland during 2009 and 2011. Material and Methods: In 2009, a pilot study was conducted in districts of Poland on high school students and their parents. For statistical analysis, correctly completed questionnaires from 999 students and 667 parents were qualified for use. After the pilot study, a nationwide study of secondary school students and their parents was also conducted in 2009. For statistical analysis, correctly completed questionnaires were used from 9360 students and 6951 from their parents. The research tool was a questionnaire developed by the Chief Sanitary Inspectorate. These studies were then compared to the nationwide research study from 2011. Questionnaires were obtained from a survey of 3548 students from secondary schools and 4423 of those from high schools. Results: Smoking initiation usually begins at ages 12–15 years. Rates of secondary school student smoking at least once in their lifetime were about the same level in the surveyed years (2009 – 9%, 2011 – 11%), whereas rates of high school student smoking increased (2009 – 15%, 2011 – 24%). Moreover, 34% of secondary school student smoked less than once a week, whereas in 2009, only 8% of students had done so. For high school students, a 1/2 smoked every day; similar to 2009. Students usually smoked in parks, on streets or any other open space areas. Conclusions: From analyzing the smoking trends over the survey period it can be concluded that the problem of smoking increases with respondent age. Int J Occup Med Environ Health 2017;30(5)
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR:
Paulina Wojtyła-Buciora   
Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Department of Physiology, Święcickiego 6, 61-781 Poznań, Poland
eISSN:1896-494X
ISSN:1232-1087