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ORIGINAL PAPER
 
CC BY-NC 3.0 Polska
 
 

An ecological study on the association between characteristics of hospital units and the risk of occupational injuries and adverse events on the example of an Italian teaching hospital

Francesca Valent 1, 2, 3  ,  
Giulia Liva 2,  
Ilaria Rosa 5,  
Agnese Mizza 6,  
 
1
Regional Health Directorate, Friuli Venezia Giulia Region, Udine, Italy (Epidemiologic Service)
2
University Hospital of Udine, Udine, Italy (Unit of Hygiene and Clinical Epidemiology)
3
University of Udine, Udine, Italy (Department of Medical and Biological Sciences)
4
University Hospital of Udine, Udine, Italy (Accreditation, Clinical Risk Management and Performance Assessment Unit)
5
University Hospital of Udine, Udine, Italy (Occupational Health Unit)
6
University Hospital of Udine, Udine, Italy (Human Resources and Administration Unit)
Int J Occup Med Environ Health 2016;29(1):149–159
KEYWORDS:
TOPICS:
ABSTRACT:
Objectives: We explored the association of workplace characteristics with occupational injuries and adverse events in an Italian teaching hospital. Material and Methods: This ecological study was conducted using data routinely collected in the University Hospital of Udine, Northeastern Italy. Poisson regression models were used to investigate, at the hospital unit level, the association between 5 outcomes, including: occupational injuries, patient falls, medication errors, other adverse events and near-misses, and various characteristics of the units. Results: The proportion of female workers in a unit, the average number of sick-leave days and of overtime hours, the number of medical examinations requested by employees, and being a surgical unit were significantly associated with some of the outcomes. Conclusions: Despite ecological nature of the study, which does not allow for inferences to be drawn at the individual level, the results of our study provide useful clues to support strategies and interventions directed towards healthier work environments and better patient care in hospitals.
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR:
Francesca Valent   
Regional Health Directorate, Friuli Venezia Giulia Region, Epidemiologic Service, Via Pozzuolo 330, 33100 Udine, Italy
eISSN:1896-494X
ISSN:1232-1087