1.191
IF5
0.947
IF
15
MNiSW
146.95
ICV
ORIGINAL PAPER
 
CC BY-NC 3.0 Polska
 
 

Byssinosis and COPD rates among factory workers manufacturing hemp and jute

Mukremin Er 1  ,  
Salih A. Emri 2,  
Nazmi Bilir 5,  
 
1
Ataturk Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey (Pulmonary Diseases Department)
2
Hacettepe University, Ankara, Turkey (Faculty of Medicine, Department of Pulmonary Diseases)
3
University of Iowa, Iowa City, USA (Department of Occupational and Environmental Health, Environmental Health Sciences Research Center)
4
Istanbul Medical Park Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey (Department of Pulmonary Diseases and Interventional Bronchology)
5
Hacettepe University, Ankara, Turkey (Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health)
Int J Occup Med Environ Health 2016;29(1):55–68
KEYWORDS:
TOPICS:
ABSTRACT:
Objectives: Prior studies have been performed on cotton textile plants throughout the world. This study was planned to identify the rate of byssinosis and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in hemp and jute workers and those who worked with both of them. Material and Methods: The study was realized in a factory which consecutively processed hemp and jute. The study enrollment included 266 people, 164 of whom were active workers and 102 were retired. A questionnaire, plain chest X-rays, physical examination and pulmonary function tests were performed. Dust levels were measured in various sections of the factory during 8 h work shifts. Endotoxin levels of various quality hemp fibers and dusts were measured. Results: The rate of byssinosis (28.2%) was higher among the workers that who exposed to both jute and hemp dust. The frequency of chronic bronchitis in retired workers who previously smoked was higher (20%) as compared to currently smoking workers (17%). High dust levels were measured in some parts of the factory (mean (M) = 2.69 mg/m3). Working in dense dust areas, active smoking, being older than 40 years of age, being an ex-smoker, and working in the factory for a period exceeding 15 years were significantly associated with bronchitis and emphysema development. High endotoxin levels were determined for fine hemp dust (605 EU/mg), coarse hemp dust (336 EU/mg) and poor quality hemp fibers (114 EU/mg), whereas in fresh hemp stalks the level of endotoxin was determined to be lower (0.27 EU/mg). Conclusions: Because of high exposures to jute and hemp dusts that are associated with high byssinosis rates, personal protection and environmental hygiene is crucial to prevention of byssinosis.
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR:
Mukremin Er   
Ataturk Training and Research Hospital, Pulmonary Diseases Department, 06800 Bilkent, Ankara, Turkey
eISSN:1896-494X
ISSN:1232-1087