1.191
IF5
0.947
IF
15
MNiSW
146.95
ICV
ORIGINAL PAPER
 
 

Clinical arterial infusion of calcium gluconate: The preferred method for treating hydrofluoric acid burns of distal human limbs

Yuanhai Zhang 1,  
Liangfang Ni 1,  
Xingang Wang 2  ,  
Ruiming Jiang 1,  
Liping Liu 1,  
Chunjiang Ye 1,  
Wenhao Xia 1,  
 
1
Department of Burns, Zhejiang Quhua Hospital, Quzhou, China
2
Department of Burns & Wound Care Center, 2nd Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University, College of Medicine, Hangzhou, China
Int J Occup Med Environ Health 2014;27(1):104–113
KEYWORDS:
ABSTRACT:
Objective: This study was designed to evaluate the efficiency and safety of arterial infusions of calcium gluconate to treat hydrofluoric (HF) acid burns of the distal human limbs. Materials and Methods: Eligible patients with HF burn limbs, collected from January 2008 to October 2011, were given the arterial infusion of calcium gluconate into the injured limbs. The measures of pain were conducted before the infusion, immediately after the infusion, 4 h after the infusion, and 2 days after the infusion by the visual analogy score (VAS). If the VAS score was higher than 4.0 at the time point 4 h after the first infusion, the infusion was repeated. The time of wound healing, and the number and ratio of the cases receiving the surgical operation were also evaluated. Results: A total of 118 patients, male (107 cases) and female (11 cases), were collected, including 64 cases of outpatients and 54 cases of inpatients. The age of the subjects ranged from 16 to 60 years, with the mean age of 37.6. The burn sites were located in the lateral limbs (28 cases) and in the unilateral limbs (90 cases). For 107 cases, the pain scores decreased quickly after the first infusion. The other 11 cases, with the VAS score higher than 4.0 at the time point 4 h after the first infusion, received the second infusion. The average time of wound healing and the ratio of the cases receiving the surgical operation were closely related to the interval from the injury to the reception of infusion. Conclusions: Arterial infusion of calcium gluconate, effectively relieving the pain, blocking wound progressive deepening, and causing no adverse effects, could be the preferential method to treat hydrofluoric acid burns of the distal human limbs.
eISSN:1896-494X
ISSN:1232-1087