ORIGINAL PAPER
Evaluation of police operational tactical procedures (OTP) for reducing officer injuries resulting from physical interventions in problematic arrests.
 
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1
GERENTE DE LA FUNDACION MUNICIPAL DE MUJER DEL AYUNTAMIENTO DE CADIZ, AYUNTAMIENTO DE CADIZ, Spain
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Ingeniería Mecánica y Diseño Industrial, Universidad de Cadiz, Spain
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Química Física, Universidad de Cadiz, Spain
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Departmento de Medicina legal, toxicología y antropología física, GENYO, Centro de Genómica e Investigación Oncológica: Pfizer/Universidad de Granada, Spain
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
JOSE CARLOS VERA JIMENEZ   

GERENTE DE LA FUNDACION MUNICIPAL DE MUJER DEL AYUNTAMIENTO DE CADIZ, AYUNTAMIENTO DE CADIZ, PLAZA EL PALILLERO, 11001, CADIZ, Spain
 
Int J Occup Med Environ Health 2020;33(1)
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ABSTRACT
Objectives: 1.- This paper describes some operational tactical procedures (OTP) and discusses the results of a 14-year study spanning the period 2003–2016 conducted by the Municipal Police of Cadiz (Spain) witch comprise three time periods: 2003-2006, when officers were trained whit traditional policing procedures; 2007–2013, when officers were taught an innovative set of OTP procedures in the form of a basic set of self-defence and arrest mechanisms, different of the traditional policing procedures that rely on martial arts and combat sports; and finally 2014-2016, when OTP training was discontinued. 2.- The aim of this study was to improve policing and reduce officer injuries resulting from interventions in controversial or violent situations like problematic arrests. Material and methods: The study involved 162 police officers and commanders of the Municipal Police of Cadiz in street duty for their first time. There were 8 females and 154 males aged 24–55 years. Three OTP stages are shown as examples. Results: Based on the analysis of “training hours” and “physical interventions in problematic arrests”, the results were: (a) the number of sick leaves in the police was identical according to number of arrests, and (b) data of sick leaves show remarkable differences among the three periods of time. Conclusions: OTP-based training substantially reduced officer sick leaves. The overall reduction in sick leaves in the period 2007–2013 was observed that cannot be ascribed to a decrease in criminal acts —and hence in police physical interventions.
eISSN:1896-494X
ISSN:1232-1087