Impact of special aviation gymnastics instruments training on selected hormones in cadets' blood serum and plasma
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Polish Air Force Academy, Dęblin, Poland (Department of Physical Education)
University School of Physical Education, Wrocław, Poland (Department of Human Biology)
Zbigniew Wochyński   

Polish Air Force Academy, Department of Physical Education, 12 Dywizjon 303 Street, 08-521 Dęblin, Poland
Int J Occup Med Environ Health 2017;30(4):655–664
Objectives: This study has aimed at investigating the impact of the Special Aviation Gymnastics Instruments (SAGI) training scheme on the blood serum cortisol, testosterone, insulin, and plasma adrenaline, noradrenaline, and dopamine in comparison with a control group. Material and Methods: Fifty-five cadets, aged 20 years old, participated in the study. Cadets were divided into 2 groups: A (N = 41) – the SAGI-trained, and B (N = 14) – the control group. In both groups, blood was the examined material, sampled twice: before the training session (BT) and after the training session (AT), at the beginning (training session I), during (training session II), and after completion of the SAGI training session (training session III). Commercially available kits were used for assaying serum cortisol, testosterone, and insulin as well as plasma adrenaline, noradrenaline, and dopamine. Cadets’ physical fitness was assessed by means of Aero-Synthetic Efficiency Tests. Results: In group A, a significant decrease in serum cortisol (training session III) and insulin in three training sessions AT in comparison with the values BT was seen. A statistically significant increase in testosterone and catecholamines was noted in all 3 training sessions AT in comparison with the values BT. In group B, a statistically significant increase in cortisol (training session II), testosterone, and catecholamines was observed in all 3 training sessions AT vs. the values in training session BT. In group B, serum levels of all assayed hormones were higher in training session III than those in group A. Conclusions: In the examined group, the SAGI training produced fewer hormonal changes dependent on the intensity and exercise type and physical efficiency improvement than in the control group. Int J Occup Med Environ Health 2017;30(4):655–664