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ORIGINAL PAPER
 
CC BY-NC 3.0 Polska
 
 

Job autonomy in relation to work engagement and workaholism: Mediation of autonomous and controlled work motivation

Diana Malinowska 1  ,  
 
1
Jagiellonian University, Kraków, Poland (Institute of Psychology, Laboratory of Psychology of Emotions and Motivation)
Int J Occup Med Environ Health 2018;31(4):445–458
KEYWORDS:
TOPICS:
ABSTRACT:
Objectives: This study integrates the Self Determination Theory and the Job Demands–Resource model in explaining motivational antecedents of 2 forms of excessive work: work engagement and workaholism. It specifically examines the relationship between job autonomy, situational work motivation, work engagement, and workaholism. Material and Methods: The sample comprised 318 full-time employees of an international outsourcing company located in Poland. The mediation analysis was used for testing hypotheses about the mediation of autonomous and controlled motivation in the relationship between job autonomy, work engagement, and workaholism. Results: The results have confirmed that autonomous motivation mediates the relationship between job autonomy and work engagement. The assumption about the mediation role of controlled motivation in the relationship between job autonomy and workaholism has not been confirmed; however, external regulation (i.e., controlled motivation) is a significant predictor of workaholism. Conclusions: Giving employees more job autonomy might increase their intrinsic and identified regulation and may therefore lead to more energetic, enthusiastic, and dedicated engagement with their jobs. Workaholism may be predicted by external regulation, and work characteristics other than job autonomy may play an important role in enhancing this controlled type of motivation. Int J Occup Med Environ Health 2018;31(4):445–458
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR:
Diana Malinowska   
Jagiellonian University, Institute of Psychology, Laboratory of Psychology of Emotions and Motivation, Ingardena 6, 30-060 Kraków, Poland
eISSN:1896-494X
ISSN:1232-1087