ORIGINAL PAPER
Level of disability and associated factors with musculoskeletal disorders among supermarket cashiers
 
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1
King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia (Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, College of Applied Medical Sciences)
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King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia (Medical Rehabilitation Department , King Saud University Medical City)
3
Taibah University, Al-Madinah Al-Munawarah, Saudi Arabia (Faculty of Medical Rehabilitation Sciences)
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Fahad Saad Algarni   

King Saud University, Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, College of Applied Medical Sciences, Riyadh 11433, Saudi Arabia
Online publication date: 2022-03-09
 
 
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ABSTRACT
Objectives: This study aimed to determine the severity of symptoms and the level of disability or difficulty associated with MSDs in the neck, shoulders, upper limbs, lower back, and lower limbs as well as the factors associated with MSDs. Material and Methods: This investigation collected demographic, health (36-Item Short Form Survey [SF-36]), and occupational related-factors for supermarket cashiers through the administration of several questionnaires, including the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH), Neck Disability Index (NDI), Lower Extremity Functional Scale (LEFS), and Numeric Rating Scale (NRS) for pain. Results: One hundred ninety-three supermarket cashiers participated in this study. The mean scores for disability levels included NDI (M±SD 18.62±14.57), ODI (M±SD 20.74±13.89), DASH (M±SD 15.08±13.90), and LEFS (M±SD 63.06±14.24). Regression analyses demonstrated the existence of significant relationships between the experience of MSDs and several other factors, including the number of working days per week, the preferred working position, marital status and the need for awkward positions. Conclusions: The results indicate MSDs that signified a mild disability level among young participants. The number of working days per week, the preferred working position, the need to assume awkward positions, and marital status were significantly associated with MSDs. The findings indicated the need for preventive to avoid or minimize the prevalence of MSDs among supermarket cashiers.
eISSN:1896-494X
ISSN:1232-1087