1.191
IF5
0.947
IF
15
MNiSW
146.95
ICV
ORIGINAL PAPER
 
CC BY-NC 3.0 Polska
 
 

Pleural mesothelioma in household members of asbestos-exposed workers in Friuli Venezia Giulia, Italy

Flavia D'Agostin 1  ,  
 
1
University of Trieste, Trieste, Italy (Clinical Unit of Occupational Medicine, Department of Medicine, Surgery and Health Sciences)
Int J Occup Med Environ Health 2017;30(3):419–431
KEYWORDS:
TOPICS:
ABSTRACT:
Objectives: Malignant mesothelioma is closely associated to asbestos exposure. One such exposure may occur through contact with occupationally exposed household members and their belongings. This study examines the features of pleural mesothelioma attributable only to asbestos brought home by another family member. Material and Methods: The data sources were 1063 mesothelioma cases diagnosed between 1995 and 2014, from the Friuli Venezia Giulia Mesothelioma Register. In all cases the diagnosis of mesothelioma was based on the pathology report. Exposure information and demographic data were acquired by an occupational medical standardized questionnaire/interview. Results: Household-exposure mesothelioma cases included 33 women and 2 men. Relationships were: wives (N = 22), daughters (N = 9), sons (N = 2), and mothers (N = 2). Asbestos exposure in the workers predominantly occurred in shipyards. Out of the 35 pleural cases, 19 were epithelial, 9 biphasic, 3 sarcomatoid, and 4 not specified. The mean age at diagnosis was 77 years old. The mean latency was 59 years, with wives having a significant shorter latency than offspring. Latency was not significantly related to morphology and asbestosis. The overall mean survival was 16 months (median 11 months) but treatment was beneficial (mean 16 months vs. 7 months). Biphasic/sarcomatoid histology and presence of asbestosis were associated with a decreased survival, although not with statistical significance. Conclusions: Our data confirms that household exposure increases the risk for pleural mesothelioma amongst women with no history of occupational asbestos exposure. This is an ongoing problem in many countries, as well as in Italy, where the evaluation of a framework for the compensation of these cases is under debate. Int J Occup Med Environ Health 2017;30(3):419–431
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR:
Flavia D'Agostin   
F. D’Agostin, University of Trieste, Clinical Unit of Occupational Medicine, Department of Medicine, Surgery and Health Sciences, Via Pietà 19, 34100 Trieste, Italy
Copy url
Share
 
 
eISSN:1896-494X
ISSN:1232-1087