The association between body-built and injury occurrence in pre-professional ballet dancers – Separated analysis for the injured body-locations
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University of Ljubljana, Ljubljana, Slovenia (Faculty of Sport)
University of Split, Split, Croatia (Faculty of Kinesiology)
University of Split, Split, Croatia (University Department of Health Studies)
University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, USA (Department of Kinesiology)
Miran Kondrič   

University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Sport, Gortanova 22, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
Online publication date: 2017-01-25
Int J Occup Med Environ Health 2017;30(1):151–159
Objectives: This study has aimed at identifying prevalence of injury-occurrence in 24 pre-professional-ballet-dancers (females, 16–18 years of age), and identifying the associations between the body-built and prevalence of injuries. Material and Methods: The sample of variables included: body mass, body height, and 3 somatotype characteristics (mesomorph, ectomorph and endomorph) and data on injuries over the preceding year. Results: Dancers were mostly ectomorphic-mesomorph (endomorphy: 2.6±0.54, mesomorphy: 3.99±0.77, ectomorphy: 3.23±0.54). The most commonly injured locations were the foot (17% of all injuries) and ankle (17%). Majority of the injuries occurred while practising but 37% of hip-injuries occurred while performing. Ankle-injuries resulted in longest absence from ballet. Endomorphy was related to ankle-injury (odds ratio (OR) = 1.9, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.4–2.3), ectomorphy to foot injury (OR = 1.7, 95% CI: 1.1–2.9), and body-mass to injury to the toes (OR = 1.7, 95% CI: 1.4–3.1). Conclusions: The results of this study allow for recognizing those dancers who are particularly vulnerable to injuries of certain body location. A more profound analysis of the possible mechanisms that lead to hip-injury during performance is needed. Int J Occup Med Environ Health 2017;30(1):151–159