REVIEW PAPER
The role of selected environmental factors and the type of work performed on the development of urolithiasis – a review paper
 
More details
Hide details
1
Jan Kochanowski University in Kielce, Kielce, Poland (Institute of Medical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Department of Anatomy)
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Grzegorz Wróbel   

Jan Kochanowski University in Kielce, Institute of Medical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Department of Anatomy, IX Wieków Kielc 19, 25-317 Kielce, Poland
 
Int J Occup Med Environ Health 2019;32(6):761–775
KEYWORDS
TOPICS
ABSTRACT
Urolithiasis is a disease of the genitourinary system, which is defined as the presence of urinary stones at any place in the urinary tract, resulting from the precipitation reaction of chemical compounds. The aim of this study is to demonstrate the important role of selected environmental factors (climate, ambient temperature) and the type of profession performed in the development of urolithiasis. In this field, the literature including original and review papers related to the epidemiology, pathogenesis and risk factors of urolithiasis was analyzed. The study used electronic databases such as Medline, Web of Science and Google Scholar. The prevalence of urolithiasis has increased in recent decades in both developed and developing countries. It is believed that this growing trend is associated with lifestyle changes such as the lack of physical activity, poor eating habits and global warming. Many factors are responsible for the formation of urinary stones. In literature, there is a division into individual and environmental factors. Today, external factors in the form of climate changes (global warming), geographical conditions and seasonal fluctuations, and the type of profession performed are becoming more and more important in the context of the occurrence of urinary stones. Currently, the presence of urolithiasis is becoming a significant problem all over the world and searching for causes is not easy, but particular attention should be paid to certain predispositions resulting from environmental factors, such as ambient temperature and the type of work performed. Int J Occup Med Environ Health. 2019;32(6):761–75
eISSN:1896-494X
ISSN:1232-1087