Types of work-related behavior and experiences and stress coping strategies among single mothers and mothers in relationships differentiating role of work satisfaction
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Jan Długosz University in Częstochowa, Częstochowa, Poland (Institute of Philosophy, Sociology and Psychology)
Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń, Bydgoszcz, Poland (Ludwik Rydygier Collegium Medicum in Bydgoszcz)
Kazimierz Wielki University, Bydgoszcz, Poland (Institute of Psychology)
Elżbieta Napora   

Jan Długosz University in Częstochowa, Zbierskiego 2/4, 42-200 Częstochowa, Poland
Int J Occup Med Environ Health 2018;31(1):55–69
Objectives: The purpose of the study has been to describe functioning of single and mothers in relationships (married or in informal relationships) at work and verify if the declared degree of work satisfaction differentiates types of behavior at work and stress coping strategies in both groups of mothers. Material and Methods: The study was conducted on equal samples of single mothers (N = 186) and mothers from 2-parent families (N = 186) using Latack Coping Scale that measures work-related stress coping strategies, the AVEM (Arbeitsbezogenes Verhaltens- und Erlebensmuster – Work-Related Behavior and Experience Pattern) questionnaire, and a survey. It showed similarity between the studied groups in terms of the measured variables. Results: There were considerable differences between single and married mothers in terms of support seeking strategies. The interaction of work satisfaction and the type of motherhood significantly differentiates (p = 0.03) the avoidance strategy of resignation. Conclusions: That strategy of resignation was more frequently used by single mothers with lower work satisfaction, who were distinctly different from those whose work satisfaction was higher, and from the mothers in relationships (married or in informal relationships) (regardless of the level of their work satisfaction). Int J Occup Med Environ Health 2018;31(1):55–69