Epidemiology of physical activity in adult Polish population in the second decade of the 21st century. Results of the NATPOL 2011 study
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Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, Medical University of Lodz, Łódź, Poland
Department of Epidemiology, Cardiovascular Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Institute of Cardiology, Warszawa, Poland
Department of Physical Education, Gdansk University of Physical Education and Sport, Gdańsk, Poland
Department of Preventive Medicine, Medical University of Lodz, Żeligowskiego 7/9, 90-752, Łódź, Poland
Department of Hypertension and Diabetology, Medical University of Gdańsk, Gdańsk, Poland
Department of Public Health and Policy, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, UK
Int J Occup Med Environ Health. 2013;26(6):846-55
Objectives: The aim of the study was to assess physical activity (PA) level in a representative sample of Polish adults.Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional analysis was performed among 2413 randomly selected individuals (51.5% women) aged 18-79 years, who participated in the Nationwide Study of Occurrence of Risk Factors of Cardiovascular Diseases NATPOL 2011 (March-July 2011). The study procedures consisted of a questionnaire as well as of anthropometric, blood pressure and biochemical measurements. Leisure-time, occupational and commuting PA were assessed by the use of a questionnaire interview. Results: About 48.2% of adults do exercise for at least 30 minutes on most days of a week. About 11% of the respondents declare a sedentary lifestyle. About 26.5% of working population report hard physical work, while sedentary work is reported by 47.6% of the employed participants. Active commuting is declared by 27.3% of working/studying population. About 47.2%, 36.6%, and 15.3% spend < 15, 15-30, and > 30 min per day, respectively, on this kind of PA. Conclusions: PA level of more than half of Polish adults is still not satisfactory. Promotion of an active lifestyle should concern mainly leisure-time and commuting PA with paying special attention to substantial differences in various socio-demographic groups.
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