Relationship between Person-Organization fit and objective and subjective health status (Person-Organization fit and health)
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Work Psychology Department, Nofer Institute of Occupational Medicine, Łódź, Poland
Work Psychology Department, Nofer Institute of Occupational Medicine, św. Teresy 8, 91-348, Łódź, Poland
Int J Occup Med Environ Health. 2012;25(2):166-77
Objectve: Person-Environment fit (P-E fit) paradigm, seems to be especially useful in explaining phenomena related to work attitudes and occupational health. The study explores the relationship between a specific facet of P-E fit as Person-Organization fit (P-O fit) and health. Materials and Methods: Research was conducted on the random sample of 600 employees. Person-Organization Fit Questionnaire was used to asses the level of Person-Organization fit; mental health status was measured by General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-28); and items from Work Ability Index allowed for evaluation of somatic health. Data was analyzed using non parametric statistical tests. The predictive value of P-O fit for various aspects of health was checked by means of linear regression models. Results: A comparison between the groups distinguished on the basis of their somatic and mental health indicators showed significant differences in the level of overall P-O fit (χ2 = 23.178; p < 0.001) and its subdimensions: for complementary fit (χ2 = 29.272; p < 0.001), supplementary fit (χ2 = 23.059; p < 0.001), and identification with organization (χ2 = 8.688; p = 0.034). From the perspective of mental health, supplementary P-O fit seems to be important for men’s well-being and explains almost 9% of variance in GHQ-28 scores, while in women, complementary fit (5% explained variance in women’s GHQ score) and identification with organization (1% explained variance in GHQ score) are significant predictors of mental well-being. Interestingly, better supplementary and complementary fit are related to better mental health, but stronger identification with organization in women produces adverse effect on their mental health. Conclusions: The results show that obtaining the optimal level of P-O fit can be beneficial not only for the organization (e.g. lower turnover, better work effectiveness and commitment), but also for the employees themselves. Optimal level of P-O fit can be considered as a factor maintaining workers’ health. However, prospective research is needed to confirm the results obtained in this exploratory study.
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