Traumatic knee injury patterns in Anatolian folk dancers: a case series and literature review
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Istanbul Bilim University, Istanbul, Turkey (Faculty of Medicine, Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology)
Sisli Florence Nightingale Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey (Department of Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation Department)
Bahcesehir University, Istanbul, Turkey (Medical Faculty, Orthopedics and Traumatology Department)
Online publication date: 2019-09-13
Corresponding author
Neslihan Aksu   

Istanbul Bilim University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Abide i Hurriyet Cad No 164 Sisli 34381 Istanbul, Turkey
Int J Occup Med Environ Health. 2019;32(5):585-93
Lower extremities, especially the knee region, are susceptible to traumatic injuries because of long-lasting hard landings and impacts. Most of the injuries described in the literature are associated with ballet. In this review study, the authors tried to present the traumatic knee injury patterns of the Anatolian folk dance. The Fire of Anatolia dance group consists of 82 dancers (37 males [45.1%] and 45 females [54.9%]) with the mean age of 27.96 (SD = 5.05) years (range: 18–38 years). The major folk dances of the region are Zeybek, Halay, Horon, Teke, Roman, Karsilama, Bar and Lezginka (“the Caucasian”). The dancers suffered from 9 orthopedic injuries requiring surgical treatment (3 meniscus tears, 4 anterior cruciate ligament tears, 1 posterior cruciate ligament tear, 1 patellar dislocation) during a 10-year period. The authors investigated solely the traumatic injuries of these folk dance styles and aimed at revealing the traumatic knee injury patterns in this case series and literature review. On the one hand, the Anatolian folk dancers experienced meniscus tears following frequent squats and twists on single leg stances, typical of Horon and Zeybek. On the other hand, anterior cruciate tears happened after jumps and landings in the Caucasian (Lezginka jump) dance. A posterior cruciate ligament tear was also seen after the Caucasian dance landing. The split figure in the Karsilama dance ended up with patellar dislocation. Certain dance figures seem to be related to specific types of injuries. Int J Occup Med Environ Health. 2019;32(5):585–93
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