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ORIGINAL PAPER
 
 

Associations between neck musculoskeletal complaints and work related factors among public service computer workers in Kaunas

Gintaré Kaliniene 1, 2  ,  
Lina Skemiene 1,  
 
1
Department of Environmental and Occupational Medicine of Medical Academy, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Kaunas, Lithuania
2
Department of Environmental and Occupational Medicine of Medical Academy of Lithuanian, University of Health Sciences, Eivenių g. 4-115, LT-50161, Kaunas, Lithuania
Int J Occup Med Environ Health 2013;26(5):670–681
KEYWORDS:
ABSTRACT:
Objectives:Information technologies have been developing very rapidly, also in the case of occupational activities. Epidemiological studies have shown that employees, who work with computers, are more likely to complain of musculoskeletal disorders (MSD). The aim of this study was to evaluate associations between neck MSD and individual and work related factors. Materials and Methods: The investigation which consisted of two parts - a questionnaire study (using Nordic Musculoskeletal questionnaire and Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire) and a direct observation (to evaluate ergonomic work environment using RULA method) was carried out in three randomly selected public sector companies of Kaunas. The study population consisted of 513 public service office workers. Results: The survey showed that neck MSDs were very common in the investigated population. The prevalence rate amounted to 65.7%. According to our survey neck MSDs were significantly associated with older age, bigger work experience, high quantitative and cognitive job demands, working for longer than 2 h without taking a break as well as with higher ergonomic risk score. The fully adjusted model working for longer than 2 h without taking a break had the strongest associations with neck complaints. Conclusion: It was confirmed, that neck MSDs were significantly associated with individual factors as well as conditions of work, therefore, preventive acions against neck complaints should be oriented at psychosocial and ergonomic work environment as well as at individual factors.
eISSN:1896-494X
ISSN:1232-1087