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REVIEW PAPER
 
CC BY-NC 3.0 Polska
 
 

Effects of work-related sleep restriction on acute physiological and psychological stress responses and their interactions: A review among emergency service personnel

Alexander Wolkow 1, 2  ,  
Sally Ferguson 2, 3,  
Brad Aisbett 1, 2,  
 
1
Deakin University, Burwood, Australia (Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition Research, School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences)
2
Bushfire Co-Operative Research Centre, East Melbourne, Australia
3
Central Queensland University, Wayville, Australia (Appleton Institute)
Int J Occup Med Environ Health 2015;28(2):183–208
KEYWORDS:
ABSTRACT:
Emergency work can expose personnel to sleep restriction. Inadequate amounts of sleep can negatively affect physiological and psychological stress responses. This review critiqued the emergency service literature (e.g., firefighting, police/law enforcement, defense forces, ambulance/paramedic personnel) that has investigated the effect of sleep restriction on hormonal, inflammatory and psychological responses. Furthermore, it investigated if a psycho-physiological approach can help contextualize the significance of such responses to assist emergency service agencies monitor the health of their personnel. The available literature suggests that sleep restriction across multiple work days can disrupt cytokine and cortisol levels, deteriorate mood and elicit simultaneous physiological and psychological responses. However, research concerning the interaction between such responses is limited and inconclusive. Therefore, it is unknown if a psycho-physiological relationship exists and as a result, it is currently not feasible for agencies to monitor sleep restriction related stress based on psycho- physiological interactions. Sleep restriction does however, appear to be a major stressor contributing to physiological and psychological responses and thus, warrants further investigation.
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR:
Alexander Wolkow   
Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition Research School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Deakin University, 221 Burwood Hwy, Burwood, VIC 3125, Australia
eISSN:1896-494X
ISSN:1232-1087